World Population May Reach 9.7 Billion By 2050. UN Prognosis For Belarus Not So Rosy

By the year 2050, there will be some 9.7 billion people living on Earth, says a UN population report released on Monday.

That estimate projected that the world population would reach a staggering 11.2 billion by the end of the century.

The figures reflect the downward trend in the global fertility rate, which means the populations of more countries are shrinking.

Belarus is one of 55 countries where the population will decrease by at least 1% by 2050. The list also includes Russia, Ukraine, Armenia, Latvia and Lithuania.

At the same time, experts note that immigration is expected to plug the gaps in Belarus, Estonia, Germany and some other states over the decade.

Two scenarios

Experts made several potential forecasts for the population of Belarus. According to a positive scenario, 9.3 million people may live in Belarus by 2050, and 10.8 million by the end of the century.

According to a pessimistic one, the population will decrease to 7.9 million by 2050, and 4.9 million people by 2100. The average population may reach 8.6 million people by 2050, and  7.4 million by 2100.

Recall, the population of Belarus continues to decline from 2017, before that there were several years of growth. As of 1 April 2019, 9 million 465.300 people have been living in the country.

According to local demographers, the population of Belarus will keep decreasing. It was earlier reported that the population could reach 8 million 964.600 people by 2030 (without taking into account migration).

Growing old

The new population projections indicate that nine countries will be responsible for more than half the population growth between now and 2050.

They are India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Indonesia, Egypt and the United States. In sub-Saharan Africa, population is projected to nearly double by 2050.

Many of the fastest-growing regions are among the poorest that brings additional challenges in the effort to eradicate poverty, the report said.

It also projected that India would become the world’s most populous country by about 2027, surpassing China. The latter is expected to see its current population of 1.43 billion dip 2.2% by 2050.

Besides, the report confirmed that the world’s population is growing older due to increasing life expectancy and falling fertility levels.

There will be one in six people over 65 by 2050, up from the current figure of one in 11. Some regions will see the share of older people double in the next 30 years.