The population of Belarus continues to decline. Within the first quarter of this year, the number of people decreased by 9,912 people, Belstat reports.
The latest figures mean that migration couldn’t make up for the natural decline (the excess of the number of deaths over the number of births).
The population decreased in January-March in all regions, except for the Minsk region that gained population via migration. It began to live fewer people even in Minsk.
The number of births exceeded the number of deaths only in Minsk and Narovlya. Most noticeably, the death rate exceeded the birth rate in the Orsha, Borisov and Polotsk regions.
Migration growth in the whole country in the first quarter of this year amounted to 795 people, the natural decrease –10,707 people. In January-March, 21,519 children were born in Belarus.
This is 2,016, or 8.6%, less than in the same period of 2018. The number of deaths was 32,226 people – 76 fewer than a year earlier. Only Minsk managed to gain population in the first quarter.
However, the increase was insignificant – only 69 people. Population growth in the region was caused by the migration of the population.
At the same time, the natural decrease in January – March in the region was 1,827 people, while the migration increase was 1,896. In some regional centers, there was an increase in population.
For instance, Brest increased by 122 people, Grodno – by 109. However, Mogilev decreased by 178 people, Gomel – by 329, Vitebsk – by 227.
In Minsk, the population decreased by 1,145 people in the first quarter. The natural decline in the capital in January-March was 689 people, and the migration loss was 456 people.
Besides, people left the capital more often than they receive permanent residence. Recall that on 1 January 2019, 1 million 992,800 people lived in Minsk. This is 10, 400 more than a year ago.
This is a record figure. So, at the beginning of 2018, there were 1 million 982,400 people living in the capital, at the beginning of 2017 – 1 million 974,800 and at the beginning of 2016 – 1 million 959,800.
As to the demographic situation in districts, the number of births exceeded the number of deaths only in Minsk (+146 people) and Narovlyansky (+19) districts. In other districts, more people died than were born in the first quarter.
Keep dying out
Most notably, the death rate exceeded the birth rate in the Orsha district (by 317 people), Borisov (by 268), Polotsk (by 231), Rechitsky (by 210), Lida (171), Molodechno (167).
Recall that at the beginning of this year, 9,475,600 people lived in Belarus. This is 16,200 people less than a year earlier. The data for the last year is preliminary.
For comparison, in 2017, the population decreased by 12,900, and in 2016 it increased by 6,300. Over the past year, the number of Belarusians has grown only in Minsk and the Minsk region, in other regions it has decreased.
According to demographers, the population of Belarus will keep decreasing. Without taking into account migration, the population of Belarus in 2030 could reach 8, 964,600 people.