Minsk metro is more than just a means of transportation, it is truly a masterpiece of art and architecture that can tell stories and secrets hidden underground. Just listen close.
35 years ago, the first metro line with eight stations from Instytut Kultury to Maskoŭskaja was launched. Crystal lamps, marble walls, bronze sculptures – back then many wondered “Is it a metro or an art museum?”
One won’t find two metro stations in Belarus’ capital that look alike. All of them were designed and decorated by leading artists and sculptors. BelarusFeed mapped its own route along the oldest ones and is ready to share.
The name of the station comes from the Minsk Institute of Culture located nearby. It was the alma mater of many students and specialists who came from different parts of the country to work and study there.
The first thing one notices is 12 rushnyks going through the dome. At their ends, on both sides of the platform, there’s a colored glass ornament showing craftsmen: potters, blacksmiths, and weavers.
Have you ever noticed how glassy the station is? Lamps, ornament, fragments on the track walls create an atmosphere of solemnity and festivity. You don’t really feel that you are several meters underground.
There’s no way the station near the largest square of the city could be given another name. It may come as a surprise even to locals, but its design echoes modernity and revolutionary events on Palace Square in St. Petersburg.
A ball with a sickle and a hammer in the middle of the platform now look gloomy. In fact, it was made of multi-colored stained glass, and there’s a bulb inside of it that just needs to be replaced.
Two more artistic elements help navigate at the station no worse than signs. The head of Lenin shows you the way towards the Independence square. Don’t forget to rub Vladimir Ilich’s nose and make a wish when passing by.
Heading to Minsk railway station? Look for another sculptural composition Kurlovsky shooting dedicated to the events of 1905. Bayonets, text, shadows of the workers falling on the paving stones… and red light.
The design of the station was entrusted to a group led by an architect from Moscow.
White marble columns with amber-colored glass lamps, relief ornament of the ceiling and red granite floor create an elusive atmosphere of solemnity.
Pay attention to Soviet slogans on the walls, marble mosaics above the exits, five-pointed stars on the ceiling, and lamps in the form of torches.
This is probably one of those places in the city where one can feel the victory of the October Revolution and its significance on the history of Belarus.
Due to the construction of the metro, the shape of Victory Square changed from round to oval. Obelisk, eternal flame, memorial capsules were laid underneath it turning the whole site into a memorial.
The columns are the salute to a great victory by the Soviet people in World War II. The lamps, as well as the Order of Victory, the Barrow of Glory, and the monument itself, are made of crystal.
The golden-white gamut of decoration materials for the underground halls, the shape of the columns and crystal everywhere cannot but cause amazement and the sense of holiday.
Płošča Jakuba Kołasa
Welcome to one of the most folk stations of Minsk metro. Look closer – every column tells its own story: harvesting, dancing, a wedding, and Kupalle celebrations.
These are not illustrations for the works of Yakub Kolas, rather the topics he covered in his books: Belarusian folklore, nature, and rural life.
Even the ceiling of the station due to the inclined concrete ribs resembles the roof of a village hut. Ears of wheat above the entrances, ornaments throughout the station are based on national ones.
The main theme of the station’s architectural and artistic design is the achievements of the science of Soviet Belarus. It took many hours until artists managed to find design suiting the name of the station.
Besides, the station is one of the deepest, the columns here are longer than usual –4.5 meters. In order to determine the size and visual solution, the layout was made from wood in full size.
Architects sought to maintain a simple style – muted colors, clear shapes, no frills or decorations. Even artistic compositions here are discreet, hidden. One has to be super attentive to notice concrete panels with abstract relief above the descents to the platform.
The station was named after the park next to it, which in turn got its name after the expedition members on the steamship Chelyuskin. They lived on ice for two months in the conditions of a polar winter.
The image of the North was originally developed for the station. The white space of the platform hall with ice-shaped chandeliers and glass stalactites between them. Brrr, even the sound of it gives us goosebumps.
However, for various reasons, the idea was not fully implemented. Over time, more decorative elements and eight sunflowers-like chandeliers of dark yellow and brown glass appeared.
Echoing its name the entrance lobby meets you with the Kremlin chimes. Moreover, both the clock face and its surroundings are a repetition of the clock from the Spasskaya Tower.
The mechanism was created by engineers of Minsk watch plant Luch. And the clock is still running! Moscow itself is depicted with simplified Florentine mosaic images.
One can also see the silhouettes of Kremlin, St. Basil’s Cathedral, the State Historical Museum on Red Square. Here’s a historical center, the Lenin Hills and the building of Moscow State University.
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