There’s a growing shortage of workers in Belarus. In early September, 65.3% of all vacancies were for manual workers. A month earlier, the figure was 64.5%, in early June –64%, in May – 63.1, and in April – 62.7%.
According to the Ministry of Labour, the registered unemployment rate on 1 September was 0.3 %, which is 11,900 people.
This indicator is the highest in Brest, Vitebsk, Grodno and Mogilev regions (0.4%), and the lowest is in Minsk (0.1%). A month earlier there were 12,000 unemployed, and in early June – 13,700.
At the same time, employers needed 90,400 employees (in early August – 90,500, and in early June – 85,400). Demand for blue-collar workers amounted to 65.3% of the total number of vacancies.
For instance, the national vacancy bank offers 4,700 vacancies for drivers, 2,400 for sellers, 1,8000 for cooks, almost 1,900 for cleaners, almost 1,100 for movers, a little more than a 1,000 for nurses and about 500 for road workers.
There is still a lack of builders too. As of now, there are 600 available vacancies for masons, almost 1,400 for carpenters, 1,100 for plasterers and 940 for painters.
In 2017, almost 50% of Belarusians working abroad were builders. Then authorities decided to raise the salaries of builders who leave Belarus to work overseas, but after a while reduced them.
The nationwide stress index in the domain of employment as of 1 September is 0.1 of unemployed person per vacancy. In Brest, Vitebsk, Gomel and Mogilev regions, it is 0.2 and in Minsk is 0.05.
Belarus also lacks doctors. For doctors, there are over 3,100 available vacancies, for nurses – a little more than 3,000. Foreigners coming to Belarus also can’t fill a gap in the labour force.
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In the first half of 2019, 9,442 foreigners arrived in the country for employment. This is 1,842 more employees than during the same period last year. More than half of them were employed in Minsk.
However, some experts believe that official data does not always correctly reflect the real situation and in fact, there are much fewer vacancies. Moreover, actual unemployment is much higher than the officially registered.
In the second quarter of this year, the number of unemployed, according to the classification of the International Labor Organization, was reduced to 222,500 people.