The European Union has published the sanctions list with the names of those responsible for human rights violations and electoral fraud in Belarus. It includes representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the KGB, as well as the CEC members.
The sanctions list of the European Union includes 40 names of Belarusian officials. In front of each name there is an explanation of why a person was subject to the EU sanctions. In particular, for the security forces, the wording contains arbitrary detentions of peaceful demonstrators, torture, intimidation, poor conditions of detention, as well as violence against journalists.
The list includes the Minister of Internal Affairs of Belarus Yuri Karaev, First Deputy Minister Gennady Kazakevich, Deputy Ministers Alexander Barsukov, Sergey Khomenko, Yuri Nazarenko – the latter is also the commander of the internal troops. There are other representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs on the list, including the deputy commander of the internal troops Khazalbek Atabekov, the commander of the SOBR Alexander Bykov, the head of the Security Department Alexander Shepelev, the commander of the Minsk OMON Dmitry Balaba, the head of the Internal Affairs Directorate of the Minsk City Executive Committee Ivan Kubrakov.
Also on the list are representatives of the leadership of the Moskovski Police Department in Minsk and the Internal Affairs Department of the Gomel Oblast Executive Committee, the head of the Internal Affairs Department of the Brest Oblast Executive Committee, the commanders of the OMON of Vitebsk, Gomel and Brest, the head of Penal Correction Department in the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the head of the Akrestina detention centre.
The list also includes the current secretary of the Security Council of Belarus and the former chairman of the KGB Valery Vakulchik, all the current deputy chairmen of the KGB, former Prosecutor General Alexander Konyuk (he was on the list for criminal prosecution of potential presidential candidates, as well as representatives of the Coordination Council of the opposition). Also, all members of the CEC, headed by its chairperson Lidia Yermoshina were sanctioned.
The fact that the European Union will impose sanctions against 40 Belarusian officials became known following the 1 October summit. It was also announced that Alexander Lukashenko will not be on the sanctions list. French President Emmanuel Macron explained that the EU did not impose sanctions on Lukashenko, as this would undermine Brussels’ demand to start a dialogue with the opposition mediated by the OSCE and to release political prisoners.
“These [sanctions] would give Lukashenko legal grounds to refuse to fulfill these conditions,” Macron said.
The sanctions imposed against Viktor Sheiman, Yuri Sivakov, Vladimir Naumov and Dmitry Pavlichenko are still in force.