Belarusian doctors defeated hemolytic disease of the newborn

Belarusian doctors have defeated one of the most serious diseases — hemolytic disease of the newborn.

Hemolytic disease has long been a scourge of perinatal medicine, but now doctors of “Mother and Child” Scientific and Practical Center perform high-tech operations on a baby who is still inside the mother’s womb.

Hemolytic disease of the newborn is one of the most serious childhood diseases. It arises as a result of the incompatibility of Rhesus (Rh) factor when a woman has Rh-negative blood and her uborn baby has Rh-positive blood.

In this case, the mother’s body sees the foetus as a foreign substance and tries to get rid of it. The woman’s immunity is attacking the baby’s blood cells, which leads either to the child’s death or other serious consequences.

Previously, such a diagnosis gave a baby a small chance of survival. Now, an ultra-thin needle is inserted into the vein of the unborn child, and a donor’s blood transfused into the baby’s veins.

The life-saving operation is extremely scrupulous and the only sign that reminds about the surgery is a tiny needle mark on the mother-to-be’s abdomen.