What’s the difference between life in Russia and Belarus and where is it better? The latest official Belstat statistics gives comprehensive answers to these burning questions.
Russians are younger, earn more and eat better
Russians are on average younger than Belarusians. In our country, the average age of the population in 2017 was 40.3 years, in Russia – 39.8 years.
As to salaries, Belarus’ neighbors earn better. The average monthly salary in 2017 in Belarus was 822.8 BYN, in Russia — 39,167 RUB (~1,288 BYN as of today).
In 2017, Belarusian families with children under 16 years of age accounted for 65 kilograms of bread per person a year, for Russians the number was 83 kilograms.
At the same time, both Belarusians and Russians eat the same amount of potatoes: 52 kilograms per person a year. However, the diet of Russians is more healthy.
They eat more vegetables and melons – 83 kilograms per person a year versus 66 kilograms in Belarus. In comparison with Belarusians, they also eat more meat, milk, eggs and fish.
They consume 17 kilograms of fish and 74 kilograms of meat per person a year, Belarusians – 11 kilograms of fish and 64 kilograms of meat.
More refrigerators in Belarus, and computers in Russia
Also, Russians have more equipment in their families than Belarusians. For instance, they owned 190 color TVs per 100 households, in Belarus, their number was 160.
At the same time, Russians have 100 computers per 100 households, 100 washing machines and 95 electric vacuum cleaners. Belarusians have 96 computers, 98 washing machines and 89 electric vacuum cleaners.
Interestingly, Belarusians have more refrigerators – 144 per 100 households. Both Belarusians and Russians spend most of their income on groceries, 38.2% in Belarus and 31.2% in Russia.
Russians spend more (10.9% of income) on housing services, water, electricity, gas. In Belarus, it is only 9.8%. At the same time, Russians spend 16% of income on transport, Belarusians – 9.7%.
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Russians often use planes, air transport accounted for 51.2% of passenger traffic, while in Belarus it was 19.1%. Belarusians prefer buses. They accounted for 50.4% of the passenger traffic.
And yet: despite the proud title of an IT-country, fewer people use the internet in Belarus than in Russia. In 2017, 74.4% of people used the internet in Belarus, and 80.1% in Russia.
Belarusians commit fewer crimes
There are more crimes in Russia than in Belarus. In 2017, in the neighboring country, there were 140 recorded crimes per 10 thousand, in Belarus – 91.
Russians suffer from acute intestinal infections five times more: in 2017 there were 524.4 cases per 100 thousand people, in Belarus – 151.3 cases. Also, cases of viral hepatitis in Belarus are several times less: 3.2 cases, in Russia – 52.2 cases.
In Belarus, more people – 3,065.4 cancer patients – were registered with outpatient treatment, in Russia – 2 471.8. At the same time, 1 135.9 Belarusians and 1 007.1 Russians were registered with mental disorders.
Belarus has fewer cases of active tuberculosis. In 2017, there were 54.2 people per 100 thousand people in Belarus, and 109.8 in Russia.
In terms of alcoholism and alcoholic psychosis, Belarus surpasses its neighbor, there were 1 843.3 cases in Belarus, while in Russia – 888.2. All the calculations are for per 100 thousand people.
Belarusians are less likely to have abortions
The number of births is almost the same as in Russia. In 2017, Belarusians aged 15 to 49 accounted for 45.6 births per thousand women in 2017, in Russia – 47.1.
In this, Belarus has almost two times fewer abortions than in Russia: 11.3 per 1,000 women aged 15-49 against 22.3 in Russia. Meanwhile, the population of Belarus continues to decrease.
The country has lost 14.8 thousand people in 2018 – 9,747,100 people lived in Belarus as of the beginning of November, Belstat reports.