Belarus ranked among top ten countries with the lowest infant mortality rate, according to the new report of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Every Child Alive.
Figures from Unicef ranked Belarus 8th – with the mortality rate of 1 in 667 newborns – out of 184 countries.
Luxembourg, Norway and South Korea have the same infant mortality rate as Belarus.
The report says that Japan is the safest country for a baby to be born – only 1 in 1,111 babies dies there.
Then go Japan, Iceland and Singapore, babies born there have the best chance of survival.
Meanwhile, newborns in Pakistan, Central African Republic and Afghanistan face the worst odds.
Pakistan is the riskiest place to be born, a staggering 1 in 22 babies dies there.
The global newborn mortality rate remains alarmingly high, especially in poor countries.
Of the 10 countries with the highest newborn mortality rates, eight are in sub-Saharan Africa and two are in South Asia.
More than 80% of newborn deaths are the result of:
- premature birth,
- complications during labour and delivery,
- infections such as sepsis and pneumonia.
Military conflicts, natural disasters, instability and poor governance also affect countries’ health systems and hinder policies that promote newborn survival rates.
Sixteen million newborn lives can be saved if every country bring newborn mortality rate down to the high-income average or below by 2030.
Basic solutions such as affordable, quality health care delivered by well-trained doctors, nurses and midwives, antenatal and postnatal nutrition for mother and baby, and clean water .
UNICEF has launched a global Every Child Alive campaign.
The campaign is to address the challenges of keeping every child alive.
It calls for strong cooperation between governments, businesses, health-care providers, communities and families worldwide.