Corruption can be found in all countries, although the magnitude and methods vary. Every year, Transparency International (TI) ranks the countries of the world based on the degree of corruption in the public sector.
Belarus was ranked 70th out of 180 countries that participated in an annual survey. The index uses a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean.
It ranks countries according to perceptions of public sector rather than documented evidence of corruption.
In the middle of the list
For the Eastern Europe and Central Asia area (to which Belarus belongs to) the average score was 35. Since last year the country has moved down from 68th position to 70th with 44 scores sharing it with Jamaica and the Solomon Islands.
Belarus made a serious leap at the end of 2016 – from 107th to 79th place. Since then, there have been no significant changes in the ranking.
With nearly every country scoring 45 or less out of 100, there has been very little progress in combatting corruption.
A general lack of political will, weak institutions, and few political rights create an environment where corruption flourishes with little opposition,” the report reads.
Russia dropped to 138th place, gaining 28 points, Ukraine climbed to 120th with 32 points in the ranking. Poland ranks 36th, Lithuania – 38th, Latvia – 41st.
Other countries in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia group also includes Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan.
Most and least corrupt
Denmark and New Zealand have consistently topped the list in recent years, this year Denmark scored 88 points, one ahead of New Zealand in second place on 87.
Finland, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Norway, the Netherlands, Canada, Luxembourg, Germany and Britain make up the rest of the top 10.
The countries perceived as having the highest levels of corruption are the war-ravaged triumvirate of Somalia (score of 10), South Sudan and Syria (both 13).
In terms of regional breakdowns, the top-performing region by far is Western Europe and the European Union, which averages a score of 66.
The lowest scoring region is Sub-Saharan Africa, which scores an average of 33. The Asia Pacific average is 44 while the Eastern Europe/Central Asia average is 35. The Americas averages 44.